Software development tools are the backbone of today’s startups. It’s worth a look at the most-used programming languages, databases, and frameworks that the companies use to do build online services.
Building a successful technology startup is difficult. Startups need to not only come up with a viable startup idea but also secure funding and implement a market-ready software product.
To minimize risk, business owners don’t rush into developing a full-fledged web or mobile application that might end up failing. Instead, startuppers usually validate their business idea by building a minimum viable product (MVP).
With this comes the challenge of selecting the right programming language and framework. The stakes are high, as in most cases the final software product is based on the MVP.
Here we’ll go through the best programming languages for startups along with their frameworks to help you decide which to use during development.
Framework selection criteria for building an MVP
- Selecting the relevant programming language and framework for an MVP is essential. The codebase of the MVP becomes the basis of the future full-fledged application. If you decide to build your MVP and the final product with different technologies, you’ll bear extra expenses and it’s likely to slow down the release.
- What criteria should you take into account to choose the right programming language and framework?
#1 Programming language characteristics
The first thing to decide upon is the programming language. There are dozens of programming languages, and if you aren’t a tech person, you’re likely to be puzzled by the choice.
The types of programming languages can be categorized roughly in 2 ways.
- Compiled (such as C# and Java), in which the code written by developers is turned into executable machine code before runtime. Compiled languages are statically typed, which means the type of a variable has to be provided before compilation.
- Interpreted (such as Ruby and Python), in which the code written by developers is translated into executable machine code at runtime. Interpreted languages are dynamic, which means type checking happens on the fly.
Compiled languages show better performance than their interpreted counterparts. Performance is an important advantage, but the difference in performance between compiled and interpreted languages only comes into play if your application grows popular and has to handle high loads.
Though slower, interpreted programming languages are a lot more flexible and help developers be more productive. The vast majority of startup applications are built with interpreted programming languages.
Programming languages and frameworks are all different; each solves specific problems effectively. You should therefore take the business purpose of your project into account. Some technologies are tailored to building high-performance banking software, while others are perfect for developing AI-powered applications.
The wrong language and framework might lead to extra time and money to build an application. Using a spade to hammer a nail makes no sense; you need a hammer. The same logic works for programming languages and frameworks.
#3 Time to market
Startups are about speed. The faster they launch a software product, the stronger the competitive advantage they’ll get.
That’s why time to market is probably the most important criterion for business owners. The following aspects impact the time to market:
> Out-of-the-box solutions
To speed up the process, developers can use out-of-the-box solutions.
The community is the cornerstone of any programming language and framework. A strong community creates, maintains, and upgrades frameworks, tools, and out-of-the-box solutions. It encourages knowledge sharing and helps developers build software.
> Developer availability
Software doesn’t build itself. Developers build it.
If there aren’t enough skilled programmers in your area you can go for outsourcing, hiring freelancers or a remote team.
Most Common Programming Languages Across the Top Unicorn Companies
Coding Dojo, a coding bootcamp that trains developers and helps place them in programming roles, looked at full-time job postings from the job listings site Indeed and the developer tool website StackShare to see what languages the unicorn startups were using to build their technology.
Python was the top programming language. Python is very general purpose, which means it can be used for web dev, scripting, software, and much more. It is being used a lot for Data Science, which is revolutionizing the tech industry.
Also Read: Top Python Mobile App Development Agencies
Most companies use between three and six languages. Some used two.
Most Used Framework Technologies
Most Used Database Technologies
Startup Wise Most Used Languages